The Wyrms (Fire, Ice, Wind, & Earth)

What's the Difference? The Wyrms (Fire, Ice, Wind, & Earth)

What's the Difference?

The answer to the question of "What level of change to weave structure constitutes a new weave as opposed to a variant?" will vary depending on who you ask. However, it is indisputable that even minor changes in weave structure give you a weave that, while it may be similar to the root weave, is "different" from the original. Unfortunately, this often leads to confusion as to what has actually been woven. Each "What's the Difference?" article in the series will focus on a different set of similar and/or commonly confused weaves. There are many occasions where much of the confusion stems from the comparison of different images with the weaves being in multiple orientations and/or ring sizes. Renders made for the articles will be based upon similar AR's and orientation.

The renders in this article are made with a wire diameter of 1.63 mm and an actual AR of 7.5. The cyan rings in these renders represent the "reinforcing" ring(s)

Fire Wyrm, Ice Wyrm, Wind Wyrm & Earth Wyrm

Wyrms - Feature.jpg

In this "What's the Difference?" I'll be focusing on the Full Persian reinforcement configurations that make the following weaves (from left to right):

Cellular Structure

Full Persian.jpg
The Wyrms are similar because they all start off with the same base cell. In this case that base cell is the same cell as found in Full Persian 6 in 1. A box cell with inverted lock connections.

Weave Cells

Weave cells are groupings of rings and/or cells that can be directly translated to continue a weave. Minor changes in weave cell configuration and orientation between cells can give a widely differing results. The 4 primary Wyrms all use one of 2 reinforcement configurations (or their lateral mirror).

Fire & Ice Wyrms
Fire - Cross Section.jpg

The Fire & Ice Wyrm weaves both use what I call the "Fire Configuration". In the fire configuration, the reinforcing ring goes inside 2 opposite corners of the box cell and outside 2 opposite corners of the box cell.

Structural Note: While a box cell is not chiral (it can be mirrored through a simple rotation), Fire configuration IS chiral.

Fire & Ice.jpg
As the fire configuration is chiral, there are two versions of Fire Wyrm, which for the sake of simplicity, I'll call Fire A and Fire B.

Each version of Fire Wyrm only uses a single version of the fire configuration cell.

Ice Wyrm is an alternating sequence of both versions.

Wind & Earth Wyrms
Wind - Cross Section.jpg
The Wind & Earth Wyrm weaves both use what I call the "Wind Configuration". In the wind configuration, the reinforcing ring goes inside 1 ring and outside the other ring at each corner.

Structural Note: While wind configuration looks like 2 completely different cells, one is a rotation of the other and looking at the back instead of the front (or vice/versa). Roll either cell 90 degrees and then spin it 180 degrees and they will look identical again.

Wind & Earth.jpg

Wind Wyrm is a direct translation of the wind configuration cell.

Earth Wyrm is an alternating of the orientation of the wind configuration cell from the preceding cell.

When connected together, you wind up with the weaves commonly known as the wyrms.

From top to bottom, Fire Wyrm, Ice Wyrm, Wind Wyrm, & Earth Wyrm:


It is the configuration that the reinforcement rings are added and/or the orientation of the reinforced cells that differentiate the wyrms from each other.



Why not hybridize the weaves further? How about Firenado (Fire and Wind) or Iced Earth (Ice & Earth)?
Firenado & Iced Earth.jpg

Other Applications

Fire and Wind reinforcement configurations should be applicable to any box cell at an appropriate AR:

For more examples, please check out the amazing

Sequential Reinforcement

Sequential reinforcement is a concept that you're probably already familiar with, although you may not have heard it called by that term. While most reinforced weaves have a stable number of reinforcing rings per cell (Rhinos Snorting Drano(R1), Barrel(R2), Keg of Maker's Mark(R3) ), reinforcing rings can also be increased or decreased in a sequence (Corvus Chain, Fire Wyrm - Sequential. It is this increasing or decreasing in sequence that is considered "Sequential Reinforcement".

The most recently described weave showing sequential reinforcement (and the one that sent me down this rabbit hole ;) ) is Full Wyrm (described by Mel Pershall, Melody Melody ) While found to be a graduation of Fire Wyrm - Sequential it got me thinking about sequential reinforcement of other wyrms. Of most interest are the wyrms that alternate (Ice & Earth) where we found (in a quick investigation) 2 primary ways to create sequential reinforcements. The easiest way to describe the sequence would be 0-1a-1b or 0-1a-0-1b

Fire & Ice - Sequential.jpg

Wind & Earth - Sequential.jpg

Cellular Chainmaille Theory - CCT

Cellular Chainmaille Theory (CCT for short) is something that we're working on here at It is currently a work in progress. Cell types and forms used in this article are based upon our current findings. We hope to be able to share more information with you regarding CCT in the future.

Author's note:
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